Explaining the Market Terms: Bull and Bear Markets

9 Min Read
BankCircle Bull vs Bear Market

Is the market still bullish or has it shifted to bearish? It appears to be a bear versus. bulls battle. In other words, why do we describe the stock market in this way?

People believe that the phrases are taken from animals’ methods of attack. Bulls raise their horns when they strike, whereas bear markets sweep the ground with their paws. These can be used as a gauge of market direction because the market moves up, down, and sideways.


What is a bear market, and how is it defined?

BankCircle Bear Market
BankCircle Bear Market

To qualify as a bear market, a stock must have lost at least 20% of its value in less than two months, and it must be experiencing widespread market disillusionment. Investors are often concerned about a country’s economic prospects when this happens. In a bear market, traders can have a great entry point and several short-selling opportunities.

It appears that the market has been artificially inflated Predicting the future performance of a stock index or other economic entity can be done using various methods, including the price-earnings (PE) ratio. An example of the PE ratio is 25, which indicates that the current market price is 25 times more than the value of each share in a company’s earnings.

When investors get overconfident in the late stages of a bull market, PE ratios tend to rise, raising the risk of an overpriced market and a crash.


The yield on government bonds is declining. Historically, the bond and stock markets have moved in opposite ways. In countries like the United States and Australia, stocks are seen as “riskier” investments, whilst bonds are seen as “safe haven” ones.

In good times, investors move money from bonds to equities, and in bad times they rush back to bonds. This means that rising bond prices (and consequently falling yields) show that investors are worried about the future of the economy or the market. As a result of the worldwide use of stimulus measures, bond rates have fallen to historic lows, while stock prices have increased.

What does it mean when the market is bullish?

BankCircle Bull vs Bear Market
BankCircle Bull vs Bear Market

If you’re looking for the bottom of a bear market, don’t look for an official announcement from BSE or NIFTY that everything will be fine from here on.

Bull markets may be signalled by rising bond yields, low PE ratios, and positive political or economic news, but all of these factors will be reversed over time.

Recognizing a market change early can bring in enormous profits even though picking the exact bottom of the share market is practically impossible. 

Investing in the wrong firm or making a turnaround investment at the wrong time can lead to significant losses, of course. As always, do your research and keep an eye on your own financial situation.

It’s a battle between the two bears:
Large price and market capitalization changes characterise a bear market and a bull market, respectively. Traditionally, bull and bear markets are characterised as a result of how the animals strike. Bulls charge forward brandishing their horns. Bears rake the earth with their claws.

Stock prices rise steadily as investor confidence develops in a bullish trend. Increased demand and limited supply are the result of this optimism. There are usually just a few large whipsaws and stalls during a bullish trend. This can go on for years, but the markets can’t stay up forever. The equilibrium between demand and supply will eventually shift, resulting in price changes. A bear market isn’t usually the worst of them.

In spite of the fact that predicting the conclusion of an uptrend in stocks is tough, it doesn’t mean you should put all of your money in a savings account.

Even if the worst happens, the stock market may only lose 100% of its value. On the other hand, a bull market has no upper limit. The upside potential of stocks is virtually limitless.

This is why many financial advisors recommend investment in a scheme that you are comfortable with. This will keep you from being swayed away from your plan in the event of a market downturn. Risk tolerance refers to how much you are able to handle market uncertainty. You might think of it as a test of your tolerance for ambiguity.

How to Make the Most of a Bull Market

Those who wish to profit from a bull market should buy early and sell when it reaches its top in order to take advantage of the rising prices. Minor and transitory losses are likely to occur, even if it is difficult to determine when the bottom or peak will occur. In the following sections, we’ll examine some of the most popular bull market methods. Since the current market situation is difficult to gauge, all these techniques include some risk.

Invest in and Maintain

One of the most fundamental investment methods is to buy a security, keep it for a while, and then sell it. The investor’s faith in the plan is required for this strategy to work.

Increased positions in both Buy and Hold.

As compared to the standard purchase and hold strategy, this one is more risky. If a stock’s price climbs, an investor will continue to add to their holdings, which is the basis of the increasing purchase and hold approach.

Do These Things if You’re in a Bear Market

The most important thing to remember during a bear market is to stay calm. Fear and greed are two of an investor’s deadliest foes.

Don’t sell in a hurry.

If you didn’t rebalance your investing portfolio prior to the start of the bear market, you may be inclined to panic and sell all of your stocks. In my opinion, this is a bad idea.

Investment returns to pre-crisis levels within a few years and then explodes in value over the next half-decade for investors who did not sell any of their investments (provided the companies they invested in did not go bankrupt).

To Sum It Up
Although these criteria made the stock market appear tidy and orderly, it is in fact significantly more chaotic. For a few days straight, the stock market could be behaving strangely before continuing to rise, or it could be a warning of a new bearish trend.

As a result, investors spend a lot of time and money trying to anticipate when a bull run will conclude and when a bear stock market will end. Those turning points can never be accurately predicted, and that is a fact. Sticking with your assets through ups and downs is the best strategy for most investors.

Wall Street describes stock market performance using the terms “bull” and “bear.” Bull markets occur when stock prices rise, while bear markets occur when stock prices decline. When the market goes up or down, it’s impossible to predict when it will do so. For the most part, you’re better off sticking with stocks and investing in accordance with your risk tolerance.

Share This Article
An experienced, qualified and result oriented professional with several years experience as a Chartered Accountant. Hemant assignment in various industries have helped him to develop expertise in sales, customer relation management, and Enterprenurship. Hemant has got degree in B. Com ( Hons. ) from Delhi University and is a Chartered Accountant by profession.Specialties: Accountancy, Taxation, Corporate Law, Business Audit, Entrepreneurship.
Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.